Voice telephony has been the main option for providing access to telecommunications in rural areas.

 

• Each rural district or community requires a different mix of voice, text, image, video and audio communications to best meet its needs

 

• Telecommunication network operators must be able to support the widest possible range of services and/or applications and different bandwidth levels at a reasonable cost.

 

• The Internet (with the unavailability of IP network in a rural area) is the most widely used platform used to deliver multimedia applications in rural areas of developing countries.

 

• Satellite broadcasting has also been widely adopted in distance education programs and other videoconferencing based consultations in remote areas.

 

• The two platforms are expected to converge as Internet broadcasting and satellite-based Internet links continue to be developed

 

• Today, a wide variety of new applications are being introduced for rural communities

* e-mail

*e-commerce

*tele-education

*tele-health

*tele-medicine

*voice connectivity

 

 

The following are basic requirements for communication systems deployed in rural areas of developing countries:

• Implementation and operation are possible at a low cost in areas where population density is low.

• The system can be easily installed, even in remote and inaccessible locations.

• System operation and maintenance may be carried out even where qualified technical personnel is scarce.

• Implementation is possible even when basic infrastructure such as mains: electricity, running water, paved road networks, etc., are absent.

• An increasing number of technologies are available that can meet the above requirements at a reasonable cost to rural network operators.


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